Antibiotic Seromycin (cycloserine)
Seromycin a well-known antibiotic is given with other medicines to patients suffering from tuberculosis. Certain bacterial infections of the urinary tract can also be treated by seromycin. It is prescribed by doctors to patients who are resistant to other medications or are intolerant to them. The generic is cycloserine and the brand name of this drug is seromycin. Seromycin helps by fighting against the bacteria.
Composition of Seromycin
Cycloserine is the main ingredient of seromycin. The other ingredients are:
- Benzyl Alcohol
- Sodium propionate
- Titanium Dioxide
- Sodium Lauryl Sulphate
- Ferrosoferric oxide
- FD&C blue no. 1
- FD&C red no. 3
- FD&C yellow no. 6
- D&C yellow no. 10
Uses of Seromycin
Seromycin is mainly used for the treatment of tuberculosis along with the aid of other medicines. Urinary tract infections are also treated by this medicine. When primary medications like ethambutol, streptomycin, rifampin, and isoniazid are ineffective in providing help, seromycin is used for treating active pulmonary and extra pulmonary tuberculosis. Seromycin works by preventing the growth of bacteria in the body.
This antibiotic drug is only used for treating bacterial infections. It doesn’t cure viral infections (like common cold and flu). Misuse and unnecessary usage of this drug can reduce its effectiveness.
Side-effects of Seromycin
Many side-effects are associated with the use of seromycin that may require medical attention. Some may not require any. With time the body gets used to the drug and the side-effects gradually reduce or disappear.
Some of the common side-effects are mentioned below:
- Suicidal thoughts
- Mental depression
- Increased restlessness
- Trembling and muscle twitching
- Increased irritability
- Mental changes along with mood changes
- Speech problems
The less common side-effects are:
- Seizures or convulsions
- Skin rash
- Feelings of numbness, tingling, weakness, and burning pain in the feet or hands
Contraindications of Seromycin
There are certain conditions where the patient must not be prescribed seromycin as it may have adverse effects on their health rather than treating them. Some of these conditions are:
- Severe renal insufficiency
- Excessive and concurrent consumption of alcohol
- Psychosis, severe anxiety, and depression
- Hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to cycloserine
In case of CNS toxicity or allergic dermatitis, the dosage of seromycin should be immediately discontinued. Chronic alcoholics are always at risk of convulsions.
Seromycin and pregnancy
The effects are not completely known in case the patient is pregnant. New-born babies may be harmed if the breastfeeding mother is on seromycin. Hence, it is very important for the doctor to know if the patient is pregnant or plans on becoming pregnant. Seromycin should be prescribed to the patient only when there are no better alternatives and the benefits are far more than the risks that may occur during the time of pregnancy.