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Chloromycetin (chloramphenicol)

The generic name of Chloromycetin is Chloramphenicol. This medication is a man-made antibiotic. It helps in slowing down the growth of bacteria by not letting them produce proteins that they require for their existence and survival. This drug is useful against H. Influenzae, S. typhi, Neisseria species, E. coli, Streptococcus species, Staphylococcus, and rickettsia. This medication was approved by the FDA in December, 1950.

Chloromycetin (chloramphenicol) capsules


The dosage of Chloromycetin (chloramphenicol) can vary depending on the specific infection being treated, the severity of the condition, and individual factors such as age and weight. It is important to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare professional or the prescribing information on the medication label. The following are general dosage guidelines:

Bacterial Meningitis:

Eye Infections:

Rickettsial Infections:

It is important to note that these are general guidelines, and your healthcare professional may adjust the dosage based on your specific condition. Always take the prescribed dosage and complete the full course of treatment, even if you start feeling better.

If you have any questions or concerns about the dosage of Chloromycetin, it is best to consult your healthcare professional or pharmacist for personalized advice. They can provide you with the most accurate and up-to-date information based on your individual circumstances.


Chloromycetin is found in the following forms:

The active ingredient in this medication is Chloramphenicol. Each vial comprises a sterile solution up to 100 mg of chloramphenicol/mL. A single gram of chloramphenicol sodium succinate has about 52 mg sodium in it.


This medication is manly used for the treatment of eye infections caused by bacteria. It is a type of antibiotic which prevents the growth of bacteria.

This antibiotic drug can only be used in case of bacterial infections. They will not work for the treatment of other types of eye infections. The misuse and the unnecessary usage of this drug can reduce its effectiveness.


There may be many unwanted effects resulting from the use of Chloromycetin which may require medical attention. Some of them may not require any medical attention. As the medication starts getting used to the body, the side-effects may eventually disappear.

Some of the rare side-effects found in babies are mentioned below:

Some of the less common side-effects are:

The above mentioned side-effects may even be seen after weeks and months of stopping the use of chloramphenicol.

Generic name of Chloromycetin is Chloramphenicol

Some rare side-effects are as follows:

The health care professional will provide ways in which these side-effects can be reduced. The patient should immediately check with the health care professional in case the side-effects are bothersome.


There are restricted conditions where the use of Chloromycetin is prohibited. The conditions where the patient must be refrained from using this medication are:

Chloromycetin and pregnancy

The FDA has listed this medication in the pregnancy category C. There have been no evidences of any controlled data among human pregnancies. Though there has been no report of birth defects, there have been adverse effects resulting from the use of Chloromycetin in late pregnancy.

Some frequently asked questions about Chloramphenicol

What is chloramphenicol?

Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic medication that is used to treat various bacterial infections. It works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria, preventing them from multiplying and causing further infection.

What types of infections are treated with chloramphenicol?

Chloramphenicol is commonly used to treat serious bacterial infections, including meningitis, certain types of eye infections, and rickettsial infections. It may also be prescribed for other infections caused by susceptible bacteria.

How is chloramphenicol administered?

Chloramphenicol can be taken orally in the form of capsules or syrup, applied topically as an ointment or eye drops, or administered intravenously in more severe cases. The specific route of administration and dosage will depend on the type and severity of the infection.

What is the usual dosage of chloramphenicol?

The dosage of chloramphenicol can vary depending on the specific infection, patient age, and weight. It is important to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare professional or the prescribing information on the medication label.

What are the common side effects of chloramphenicol?

Common side effects of chloramphenicol may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and skin rashes. In rare cases, it may cause serious side effects such as bone marrow suppression, which can lead to anemia or decreased production of blood cells. It is important to be aware of any potential allergic reactions or severe side effects and to seek medical attention if needed.

Can chloramphenicol interact with other medications?

Chloramphenicol may interact with certain medications, including certain antibiotics, anticoagulants, and phenytoin. It is important to inform your healthcare professional about all the medications you are taking to avoid potential interactions.

Can anyone take chloramphenicol?

Chloramphenicol may not be suitable for everyone. It should be used with caution in individuals with a history of blood disorders, liver disease, or kidney disease. It is important to inform your healthcare professional about your complete medical history and any ongoing medications before starting chloramphenicol treatment.

Remember, the information provided here is for general knowledge and should not replace medical advice. It is always best to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance regarding your specific situation and the use of chloramphenicol.

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