Antibiotic Furadantin (nitrofurantoin)
Furadantin is a medicine used to treat bacterial infections only. This medicine does not work for viral infections. It contains an active ingredient known as nitrofurantoin. This medicine gets filtered out of the blood and is passed into the urine through the kidney. It enters the bacterial cells and damages the DNA of the bacteria. Due to this the bacteria cannot reproduce and grow.
Composition of Furadantin:
It is a synthetic chemical which is yellow in color, stable and a crystalline compound. It is available in 25mg/5mL liquid suspension for oral administration. It is used for oral suspension and contains carboxymethylcellulose sodium, flavors, citric acid, magnesium aluminum silicate, Methylparaben, purified water, Propylparaben, sodium citrate, and sorbitol.
Uses of Furadantin:
This medicine is used to treat or prevent certain bladder and urinary tract infections.
Side- Effects of Furadantin:
There are many side effects of this medicine. Reach out to your doctor if you have any allergic reactions such as hives, rashes, or swelling of the face or lips or tongue. In such a scenario stop using the medicine and get medical help. Some of the common side effects are Nausea, anorexia, headache, fever, cough, shivering, blue colored skin, signs of jaundice, difficulty in breathing, emesis, pulmonary disorder, allergic reactions, diarrhea, hepatic dysfunction, Stevens - Johnson syndrome, methemoglobinemia, dizziness, peripheral neuropathy, exfoliative dermatitis and optic neuritis. This medicine can also turn your urine color to dark yellow or brown, however, this is normal and you need not to worry about the same.
Contraindications of Furadantin:
The doctor will go through your medical history before prescribing this medicine to you. They would want to know if you have a history of decreased liver function or any type of liver disease or lung disease. Also, if you have anemia, diabetes, folate deficiency, vitamin B deficiency, nerves disorder or disturbance of salt level in blood, the doctor may not prescribe this medicine. It`s also not advised to people who have porphyrias a kind of a hereditary blood disorder or for babies under three months of age. If you are allergic to the medicine or to any of its ingredients, do let the doctor know. If in case you are going to use this medicine for a long term, it is advised that you frequently visit your doctor to be monitored for any signs of side effects.
Pregnancy and Furadantin:
This medicine can affect the baby’s red blood cells if used for a long term during labor or childbirth. It is imperative that you let your doctor know beforehand if you are pregnant or planning to have a child. This medicine can also pass into the breast milk and can have side effects on the child, hence is not advised to be used by women who are breastfeeding.