The generic name of Biaxin is clarithromycin. It is a macrolide antibiotic which is used for fighting against bacteria. It helps in treating many types of bacterial infections that affect the skin and respiratory system. It can even be used along with other medications for the treatment of stomach ulcers that results from Helicobacter pylori.
The dosage of Biaxin (clarithromycin) can vary depending on the specific infection being treated, the severity of the condition, and individual factors such as age and weight. It is important to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare professional or the prescribing information on the medication label. The following are general dosage guidelines for adults:
Respiratory Tract Infections:
- Acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis: 500 mg to 1000 mg (one to two Biaxin tablets) taken twice daily for 7 to 14 days.
- Community-acquired pneumonia: 500 mg (one Biaxin tablet) taken twice daily for 7 to 14 days.
Skin and Skin Structure Infections:
- Mild to moderate infections: 250 mg (half of a Biaxin tablet) taken twice daily for 7 to 14 days.
- Severe infections: 500 mg (one Biaxin tablet) taken twice daily for 7 to 14 days.
Helicobacter pylori Infection:
- Combination therapy: 500 mg (one Biaxin tablet) taken twice daily in combination with other medications (e.g., amoxicillin and a proton pump inhibitor) for 10 to 14 days.
Biaxin or clarithromycin is an off-white or white coloured crystalline powder. It is insoluble in water, slightly soluble in ethanol, acetonitrile, and methanol.
The inactive ingredients in the biaxin tablets are:
- Hydroxypropyl cellulose
- D&C Yellow No. 10
- Magnesium stearate
- FD&C Blue No. 1
- Croscarmellose sodium
- Titanium dioxide
- Microcrystalline cellulose
- Propylene glycol
- Pregelatinized starch
- Silicon dioxide
- Sorbitan monooleate
- Sorbic acid
This medication is used for the treatment of many types of bacterial infections. It is used along with anti-ulcer medicines for treating stomach ulcers. It mainly works by fighting against bacteria.
Biaxin is used for treating infections caused by bacteria only. They do not work against viral infections (like flu and common cold). Misuse and the unnecessary usage of this drug can reduce its effectiveness.
There are many side-effects associated with the use of biaxin which may require medical attention. Some of these side-effects are mentioned below:
- Chills and fever
- Side or back pain
- Difficult and painful urination
- Stomach or abdominal tenderness
- Vomiting and nausea
- Severe stomach or abdominal cramps or pain
- Itching or skin rash
- Unusual bruising or bleeding
- Yellow skin or eyes
- Severe diarrhoea, watery or bloody
- Tarry and black stools
- Chest discomfort or pain
- Blurred vision
- Peeling, loosening, or blistering of the skin
- Stomach or abdominal pain
- Dark urine
- Pare, cool skin
- Confusion about place, time, and identity
- Pounding, irregular, or fast heartbeat or pulse
- Loss of appetite
- Recurrent fainting
- Irritated, red eyes
- Swelling, soreness, or redness in the tongue
- Increased hunger
- Vomiting blood
- Unusual weakness or tiredness
- Unpleasant odour of the breath
- Swollen glands
- Sudden death
- Ulcers, white spots, or sores on the lips or in the mouth
- Slow heartbeat
- Slurred speech
- Severe mental or mood changes
- Tightness near the chest
- Sour or acid stomach
- Passing gas
- Full feeling or bloated
- Hearing loss
- Taste loss
- Weight loss
- Skin eruptions
- Trouble sleeping
- Tongue and tooth discolouration
If the patient has any of the following conditions, he/she must be refrained from using Biaxin:
- Allergic reaction to macrolide antibiotics
- Kidney problems
- Clostridium Difficile Bacteria Related Colitis
- Myasthenia Gravis
- Rapid Ventricular Heartbeat
- Low potassium in the blood
Biaxin and pregnancy
Biaxin may be harmful for unborn babies as research suggests. Therefore they should be given only if the benefits outweigh the risks.
Some frequently asked questions about Clarithromycin
What is Clarithromycin?
Clarithromycin is an antibiotic medication that belongs to the macrolide class. It is commonly prescribed to treat various bacterial infections, including respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections, and certain bacterial stomach ulcers.
How does Clarithromycin work?
Clarithromycin works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria. It does this by binding to bacterial ribosomes, which are responsible for protein synthesis. By interfering with protein synthesis, Clarithromycin effectively stops the bacteria from multiplying and helps to eliminate the infection.
What types of infections are treated with Clarithromycin?
Clarithromycin is commonly used to treat respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia. It is also effective against skin and soft tissue infections, including cellulitis and impetigo. In addition, Clarithromycin is prescribed in combination with other medications to treat Helicobacter pylori infections, which can cause stomach ulcers.
What is the usual dosage of Clarithromycin?
The dosage of Clarithromycin can vary depending on the type and severity of the infection. For most respiratory tract infections, the usual adult dosage is 500 mg taken twice daily.
What are the common side effects of Clarithromycin?
Common side effects of Clarithromycin may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, and changes in taste. In some cases, more serious side effects such as allergic reactions or liver problems may occur. If you experience any concerning symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention.
Can Clarithromycin interact with other medications?
Clarithromycin may interact with certain medications, including statins, blood thinners, and medications metabolized by the liver. It is important to inform your healthcare professional about all the medications you are taking to avoid potential interactions.
Can anyone take Clarithromycin?
Clarithromycin may not be suitable for everyone. It is important to inform your healthcare professional about your complete medical history, including any allergies, liver or kidney problems, or a history of heart rhythm disorders. They will determine if Clarithromycin is appropriate for you and adjust the dosage if needed.
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