Antibiotic Ciloxan (ciprofloxacin)
Ciloxan is a quinolone antibiotic drop which is used for the treatment of eye infections caused due to certain types of bacteria. These drops work by killing the sensitive bacteria and stopping the production of all the essential proteins which the bacterium needs for its survival.
Composition of Ciloxan
Ciloxan is a ciprofloxacin HCL ophthalmic solution with a 0.3 percent base. Ciprofloxacin HCL solution is a synthetic, multi dose, sterile, antimicrobial solution used for topical purposes.
When it comes to colour, it is faint light yellow coloured in a crystalline powder form .
Ciprofloxacin is quite different from other quinolones in terms of the structure where, a fluorine atom is present at the 6th position, piperazine moiety is present at the 7th position &cyclopropyl ring is present at the 1st position
Each ml of Ciloxan Hcl Ophthalmic Solution contains:
Active ingredients: Ciprofloxacin HCl of 3.5 miligram equivalent to a three miligram base.
Preservative: Benzalkonium chloride percent 0.006
Inactives: Sodium acetate, acetic acid &mannitol 4.6 %, edetate disodium 0.05 %, hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide for the adjustment of pH along with Purified Water. The pH would be approximately 4.5 & the osmolality would be approximately 300 mOsm.
Uses of Ciloxan
Ciloxan is used for the treatment of Bacterial infections which affect the eye like conjunctivitis or Bacterial infections which affect the eyelids like blepharitis. It is also used in the treatment of ulcers on the frontal side of the eye like the corneal ulcers
Side effects of Ciloxan
Common side effects of Ciloxan include:
- Eye discomfort which includes stinging, burning, irritation or feeling of grittiness in the eye
- Redness of the Eye
- White deposits on the surface or under the eye
- Unusual taste which affects the mouth
Uncommon side effects of Ciloxan include:
- Eye pain
- itching or swelling in the eye
- Watery or dry eyes
- Blurred vision
- Increased sensitivity to the light
- Formation of some crust under the margin of the eyelid
- Swelling on the eyelids
- Damage to the cornea
- Feeling of sickness
Rare side effects of ciloxan include:
- Inflammation of the eye surface which is known as keratitis
- Numbness of the eye
- Double vision
- Allergic reactions
- Ear pain
- Nasal inflammation which causes causing blocked or running nose
- Skin inflammation called as dermatitis
- Abdominal pain
Contraindications of Ciloxan
Ciloxan should not be taken by people who are allergic to quinolone type antibiotics. This drug, also available in the form of ointment needs to be avoided by babies less than 1 year of age.
Pregnancy and Ciloxan
The safety for use of this medicine is not established when it comes to privacy and hence it needs to be avoided unless the drug is essential and prescribed by the doctor and if the benefits far outweigh the potential risks. Also, ciloxan is not known if it passes into the breast milk and hence it is necessary to inform the doctor if one does breast feeding.